Hajj pilgrims can reduce their risk of illness and injury through simple precautions. Meningococcal (A/C/Y/W135) and COVID-19 vaccination is mandatory for Hajj pilgrims. Influenza vaccination is strongly recommended. Pilgrims should take precautions against COVID-19, influenza and MERS infection.
The Hajj is the annual religious pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia involving millions of pilgrims from around the world. The Hajj takes place from the 8th through the 12th of Dhu al-Hijja, the last month of the Islamic year. As the Islamic calendar is lunar, the timing of Hajj varies with respect to the Gregorian calendar. Umrah is a similar pilgrimage that can be undertaken at any time of year.
The Saudi Ministry of Hajj and Umrah announced on 9 April 2022 that one million international and domestic pilgrims will be given permission to perform Hajj from 7 to 12 July. Each country will be allocated a quota of pilgrims.
Pilgrims should check the latest information before making plans or departing Australia including:
All Hajj pilgrims arriving in Saudi Arabia must follow
local rules on health prevention made by the government of Saudi Arabia.
Pilgrims returning to NSW after Hajj should meet the
Australian Government entry requirements and follow the NSW
guidelines for international arrivals to help protect themselves, their loved ones and the community.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health provides
health advice for pilgrims travelling to perform Hajj and Umrah.
This includes advice that pilgrims should consider their physical ability and health conditions prior to applying for Hajj and Umrah. In 2022, pilgrims must be aged less than 65 years to perform Hajj. Those with severe medical conditions such as terminal cancers, advanced cardiac, respiratory, liver, or kidney diseases are exempt from these religious duties.
Pilgrims travelling to perform the Hajj or Umrah can reduce their risk of illness and injury through simple precautions taken
after their pilgrimage.
MERS-CoV are viruses that cause respiratory illnesses. They can spread from person to person through close contact. Pilgrims living and travelling in close quarters, or in crowds, may be at risk.
Pilgrims can help protect themselves and others from respiratory illnesses:
Make an appointment to see your GP or travel clinic at least four weeks prior to departure to discuss your fitness to travel, what vaccines you need and what health precautions you should take.
If you take regular medicines, make sure you take enough to cover the whole time you will be away and carry a doctor's letter to avoid confusion at customs.
Review the advice published each year on the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health website which includes advice on the health requirements for receiving entry to Saudi Arabia for the Hajj.
All travellers should be up to date with their routine vaccinations including those against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (dTpa) and polio.
Hajj pilgrims must show
proof of COVID-19 vaccination with an accredited vaccine.
Following outbreaks of
meningococcal disease in past years, all Hajj pilgrims must show proof of meningococcal vaccination before Hajj visas can be issued. Hajj pilgrims must have had a quadrivalent (A/C/Y/W135) meningococcal vaccination within the previous 3 years (for polysaccharide vaccines) or previous 5 years (for conjugate vaccines) and at least 10 days before arriving in Saudi Arabia.
Travellers from countries or areas at risk of
Yellow Fever must also carry a valid Yellow Fever vaccination certificate.
Seasonal influenza vaccine is also recommended for pilgrims. Information on flu vaccination is available in
You should ask your GP or travel clinic if you need any additional vaccines such as those against pneumococcal pneumonia, hepatitis A, hepatitis B and typhoid.
Complete your vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to departure.