​Yellow fever is a potentially fatal viral disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes in parts of South America and Africa. Yellow fever vaccination is required for travellers to these parts of the world.

Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil - update

There is a large, ongoing outbreak of yellow fever in multiple states of Brazil, including near large urban areas and popular tourist destinations.

Since January 2018, 10 travel-related cases of yellow fever, including four deaths, have been reported in international travellers returning from Brazil. None of the 10 travellers had received yellow fever vaccination [*​].

Travellers to Brazil and other yellow fever risk areas in South America should protect themselves from yellow fever by:

  • getting the yellow fever vaccine at least 10 days before travel (only required if you have not had the vaccine before)
  • taking measures to prevent mosquito bites indoors and outdoors, especially between sunrise and sunset when mosquito vectors are most active. This also applies to places such as large recreational areas and parks, botanical gardens and nature reserves.

* Hamer DH, Angelo K, Caumes E, et al. Fatal Yellow Fever in Travelers to Brazil, 2018​. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ePub: 16 March 2018.

Further information

Yellow fever vaccination must be administered at a clinic designated as an approved yellow fever vaccination centre and this must be recorded on an International yellow fever vaccination certificate. See the NSW Health Yellow fever vaccination information for a list of approved yellow fever vaccination centres.

For further information please see the yellow fever fact sheet or contact your local public health unit on 1300 066 055. ​​

Page Updated: Thursday 29 August 2019
Contact page owner: Communicable Diseases