Giardiasis is an infection mainly of the small intestine caused by the parasite Giardia lamblia. Giardiasis has been reported in humans and in a variety of animals. To prevent infection wash hands thoroughly and don't drink untreated water.
Those most at risk of contracting giardiasis are:
To avoid catching giardiasis:
To avoid spreading giardiasis:
Giardiasis can only be accurately diagnosed through an examination of the faeces, by a test that is ordered by a doctor. See your doctor if you have symptoms.
It is important for people with diarrhoea to drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. Prescription drugs, including metronidazole and tinidazole, are used to treat giardiasis.
Giardiasis is a notifiable condition in NSW. Laboratories confirming diagnosis must notify public health units, who take action to prevent further spread of infection. All notifications are confidential.
For further information please call your local public health unit on 1300 066 055