Anthrax occurs among grazing animals in many parts of the world, including livestock in parts of New South Wales. Anthrax is a very rare disease in humans. In NSW, only three cases of human anthrax have been reported since 1982.
Anthrax is a bacterial disease caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis. The same bacteria can lead to three forms of disease:
Anthrax occurs among grazing animals in many parts of the world, including livestock in parts of Australia, most commonly in central New South Wales in what is known as the ‘anthrax belt’ which stretches from central-east Queensland into northern Victoria. Sporadic incidents in animals have also occurred in Western Australia. Anthrax is a very rare disease in humans.
Each year several cases of anthrax in livestock are reported. The handling of infected animals and their carcasses represents a risk to people.
Several antibiotics including penicillin, doxycycline, and ciprofloxacin can be used to treat anthrax infections.
For further information please call your local public health unit on 1300 066 055.