Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. It causes diarrhoea and is easily spread between people.
Shigella infection, also called shigellosis, is caused by the Shigella bacteria. Shigella bacteria can be spread through contact with the faeces (poo) of an infected person, or through drinking and eating contaminated water or food. It usually causes diarrhoea.
Symptoms of Shigella infection include:
The symptoms usually begin 1-3 days after you become infected. Symptoms usually last 4-7 days, but can last longer.
For some people, symptoms may not begin for up to 1 week or they may not develop symptoms at all.
Shigella is found in faeces (poo). You can get a Shigella infection by
People most at risk of Shigella infection include:
To avoid getting Shigella infection, you should:
People travelling to countries where Shigella is common should also:
People who have Shigella infection should:
A doctor will test a faeces (poo) sample.
People with Shigella infection are usually prescribed antibiotics by their doctor to reduce the severity and length of illness. Antibiotics may also shorten the time for which the person is infectious to others.
Drinking a lot of fluid is important to avoid dehydration. Young children (particularly infants) are at risk of dehydration from diarrhoea and parents should seek medical attention.
Laboratories are required to notify cases of Shigella to the local Public Health Unit. Public health unit staff will interview cases and their carers and try to identify the source of infection and control further cases.
For further information please call your local Public Health Unit on 1300 066 055.