NSW Health is urging the community to stay vigilant and take precautions against mosquito bites after a fifth NSW resident was confirmed to have Japanese encephalitis (JE).
The confirmed case is a man aged in his 60s from Goulburn. He was treated in hospital before being discharged and is continuing to recover in a rehabilitation facility.
This is the first confirmed case from the Goulburn area. Urgent investigations into the location of his exposure are underway.
Several more people in NSW are currently undergoing further testing for JE and more cases are expected to be confirmed over the coming days and weeks.
Locally acquired cases of JE have never previously been identified in NSW in animals or humans. Since late February 2022, the JE virus has been confirmed in samples from pig farms in NSW, Queensland, Victoria and South Australia.
The JE virus is spread by mosquitoes and can infect animals and humans. The virus cannot be transmitted between humans, and it cannot be caught by eating pork or other pig products.
There is no specific treatment for JE, which can cause severe neurological illness with headache, convulsions and reduced consciousness in some cases.
The best thing people throughout the state can do to protect themselves and their families against JE is to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.
Simple actions you can take include:
Fact sheets on specific mosquito-borne diseases, including Japanese encephalitis Ross River virus and Barmah Forest virus, are available
on our website: