NSW Health is urging the community to stay vigilant and take precautions against mosquito bites after a sixth NSW resident has been confirmed to have Japanese encephalitis (JE).
The confirmed case is a man aged in his 60s from the Balranald area in the Riverina region. He is receiving treatment in a hospital in Victoria.
Several more people in NSW are currently undergoing further testing for JE.
The JE virus is spread by mosquitoes and can infect animals and humans. The virus cannot be transmitted between humans, and it cannot be caught by eating pork or other pig products.
There is no specific treatment for JE, which can cause severe neurological illness with headache, convulsions and reduced consciousness in some cases.
The best thing people throughout the state can do to protect themselves and their families against JE is to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.
Simple actions you can take include:
For further information on mosquito-borne disease and ways to protect yourself, visit