Information for patients
A general fact sheet about Tuberculosis (TB), what it is, how to prevent infection, who is at higher risk of infection, how TB is treated and by whom in NSW.
A fact sheet about Tuberculosis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). People with HIV are more likely to develop active disease if infected with TB.
Chest x-rays are a common test that you may be asked to have when you visit your Tuberculosis Service. Chest x-rays are used to look for evidence of TB disease in your lungs. Chest x-rays are safe and painless. If you are pregnant you should tell the nurse or radiographer before you have a chest x-ray.
Patient information for persons having a Tuberculin Skin Test (TST), also known as a Mantoux test. A TST is used to assess whether you have been infected with TB. A small injection is given just under the skin of the forearm, and 48-72 hours later, the site is assessed for a reaction that may indicate TB infection.
Interferon gamma release assay test (IGRA test) is a blood test used to see whether a person has been exposed to tuberculosis bacteria. It is used to diagnose latent TB infection.
Patient information for self-collection of sputum samples for testing. You have been asked to produce three early morning sputum (phlegm) samples. To help you collect them, we have given you three specimen jars and a plastic bag.
This fact sheet is for people who have latent tuberculosis infection. People with latent TB infection have no symptoms and cannot pass the infection on to others. A doctor may prescribe a course of treatment to prevent latent TB progressing to active TB.
BCG vaccine is used to protect young children from developing severe forms of TB. BCG vaccine is recommended in limited situations, such as for young children travelling for prolonged periods to countries where there is a high rate of TB.
BCG vaccine is in short supply worldwide. The product registered for use in Australia is not currently available. An alternative BCG vaccine, produced by the Serum Institute of India (SII), which is currently not registered for use in Australia, is being offered under special prescribing arrangements to people who require BCG vaccine.
Patient information for persons who are starting a course of treatment prescribed by the doctor to treat their TB disease. TB can be cured with medications. It is important to be aware of how to take your medications and what side-effects to watch out for.
Information for contacts
For persons who have been in contact with someone who has TB. Your local TB Service is responsible for identifying people who have been in contact with a person who has TB and arranging testing and education.
NSW Health TB fact sheets and patient information documents are available in a range of languages.