Bed bugs are small, flat, parasitic insects that feed solely on the blood of humans while they sleep. Bed bug infestations occur around or near the areas where people sleep.
Bed bugs are not considered as a public health hazard. They are not known to spread disease, but can cause annoyance due to itching and loss of sleep. Sometimes itching can lead to excessive scratching and a chance of secondary skin infection.
A Code of Practise for the Control of Bed Bug Infestations in Australia