Legionnaires’ disease is an uncommon infection of the lungs (pneumonia) caused by Legionella bacteria. The bacteria are commonly found in the environment, particularly water and soil.
Infection occurs 2-10 days after a person breathes in the bacteria in contaminated water vapours or dust.
Legionella longbeachae is commonly found in the soil and potting mix. Reduce exposure to potting mix dust by following the manufacturers' warning present on potting mix labels, including:
The Public Health Act 2010 and the Public Health Regulation 2012 control various man-made environments and systems which are conducive to the growth of Legionella organisms and which are capable of transmitting Legionnaires' disease. These regulated systems include:
Legionnaires disease most often affects middle-aged and older people, particularly those who smoke or who have chronic lung disease.
People whose immune systems are suppressed by medications or diseases such as cancer, kidney failure, diabetes or HIV/AIDS, are also at increased risk of Legionnaires' disease.