NSW Health supports the Statement on e-cigarettes from the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Key messages of the statement include:
E-cigarettes are battery operated devices that heat a liquid (also known as e-liquid) to produce a vapour that users inhale.1 E-cigarettes are also called 'e-cigs' or 'vapes'.
E-cigarettes come in many shapes and sizes and can be made to look like everyday items including highlighters, pens or USB memory sticks. Vapour from e-cigarettes does not usually have a strong odour but they may have a sweet smell depending on the flavour.
When using an e-cigarette, the user inhales and exhales the vapour from the heated e-liquid. E-liquid contains a range of chemicals and it may or may not contain nicotine.
E-cigarettes that do not contain nicotine are legal in NSW. Adults can buy and use e-cigarettes that do not contain nicotine.
The Smoke-free Environment Act 2000 prohibits people from using e-cigarettes in smoke-free areas. They can use e-cigarettes where smoking is not banned.
Smoke-free areas where people cannot smoke or use e-cigarettes are:
Using e-cigarettes on public transport vehicles such as trains, buses, light rail, ferries is also banned under the
Passenger Transport (General) Regulation 2017.
Individual establishments and workplaces such as businesses, councils and other organisations may develop their own smoke-free policies to ban the use of e-cigarettes within the premises.
NSW Health inspectors conduct regular compliance monitoring and enforcement activity. Inspectors enforce the ban on using e-cigarettes where smoking is not permitted. They can issue cautions or on the spot fines of $300 to people who break the law.
For more information on enforcement and reporting a breach of the smoking ban please refer to
smoke-free laws in NSW.
E-cigarettes are not risk free. They may expose users and bystanders to chemicals and toxins such as propylene glycol, glycerol or ethylene glycol that cause adverse health effects, and may increase the risk of developing cardiovascular, cancer and respiratory diseases. E-liquids or vapour can also contain potentially harmful chemicals which are not present in smoke from tobacco cigarettes.1
E-cigarettes are often labelled incorrectly and may contain high levels nicotine, even when they claim not to contain nicotine. Too much nicotine from e-cigarettes can cause nicotine poisoning. If you think someone has been poisoned by liquid nicotine, please call the Poisons Centre on 13 11 26 immediately or 000 if it is an emergency. For more information see NSW Poisons Information Centre .
The Australian Chief Medical Officer and all state and territory Chief Health Officers have issued a
statement on the emerging link between e-cigarette and severe lung disease
Public Health (Tobacco) Act 2008:
For more information please refer to
Tobacco and e-cigarette retailing laws in NSW.
The sale and use of e-liquid nicotine, including in e-cigarettes are against the
NSW Poisons and Therapeutic Goods Regulation 2008. This means e-cigarettes containing nicotine cannot be sold in Australia unless the user has a prescription from a medical doctor.
If you think someone is selling e-cigarettes that contain nicotine, please report it to NSW Health or call the Tobacco Information Line on 1800 357 412. Information collected will help to guide the enforcement of tobacco and e-cigarette retailing laws by NSW Health Inspectors.
Currently there is not enough clinical evidence that support the use of e-cigarettes to help smokers to quit.
Nicotine vaping products are 'unapproved' therapeutic goods. The Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) has not assessed any e-cigarettes for quality, safety or performance as a smoking cessation aid.
The TGAhas a range of resources on nicotine vaping products to assist, consumers, prescribers, pharmacies, and wholesalers.
Under the national
Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 it is illegal to sell e-cigarettes that make a health claim, such as ‘this product helps smokers to quit’. The Therapeutic Goods Administration has not approved e-cigarettes as a nicotine replacement therapy to help smokers to quit. The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has also advised that e-cigarettes should not be advertised as a safe alternative to smoking.
NSW Health recommends smokers use approved medications to help them quit smoking, in consultation with their doctors or other health professionals. These products include: Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) products such as patches, lozenges, mouth sprays or gums; Bupropion; and Varenicline.
Alternatively, smokers can get help and support to quit from GPs or pharmacists, the free telephone based counselling service
NSW Quitline at 13 7848, and an interactive website
The Australian Government released
national guiding principles for e-cigarettes The guiding principles reflect that governments are taking a precautionary approach to e-cigarettes in Australia and affirm that the current national regulatory framework for these products remains appropriate.
NSW Health tobacco and smoking control website or contact the Tobacco Information Line on 1800 357 412.
Information on access to nicotine vaping products is available from the TGA.